Stair na hÉireann/History of Ireland 🍀

1643 – Death of Richard Boyle, 1st Earl of Cork aka Great Earl of Cork, was Lord High Treasurer of the Kingdom of Ireland. Boyle is an important figure in the continuing English colonisation of Ireland (commenced by the Normans) in the 16th and 17th centuries, as he acquired large tracts of land in plantations in Munster, at the expense of native landowners. Moreover, his sons played an important role in fighting against Irish Catholic rebellion in the 1640s and ’50s, assisting in the victory of the British and Protestant interest in Ireland.

1851 – Sir William Whitla, physician and professor, is born in Co Monaghan.

1865 – Police raid and close the Irish People offices; Rossa, Luby and O’Leary are arrested.

1866 – John Blake Dillon, Young Irelander and co-founder of The Nation, dies in Killarney.

1881 – First soccer international in Ireland; England beats the Irish squad Total crowd receipts: £9.19s.7d.

1889 – Birth in Castlebar of singer Margaret Burke Sheridan.

1905 – Pat O’Callaghan, physician, hammer-thrower and first man to win an Olympic gold medal while representing Ireland, is born near Kanturk, Co Cork.

1921 – 15-18 Sep: There was further riots in Belfast and two Protestants were killed by a sniper.

1922 – Second consecutive night of sniping attacks in Dublin. Anti-Treaty fighters attempt to take over the Telephone exchange and Kingsbridge Railway Station in Dublin. They also attack the Wellington and Portobello military barracks. The attacks were driven off by Free State troops after several hours of firing.

1922 – In Dundalk, the Anti-Treaty IRA made several attacks on Free State troops and took over the power station, cutting off the town’s electricity supply. One National Army soldier is killed by a hand grenade in the clashes.

1922 – The Free State post at Athboy, Co Meath is attacked. One soldier is killed.

1922 – The Free State’s Lord Chief Justice rules that the country is in a state of war and Habeas Corpus no longer applies. He rejects an application to free two of the 5,000 prisoners taken by National forces since the outbreak of the civil war.

1953 – Long time antagonists Éamon de Valera and Winston Churchill meet for the one and only time at Downing Street.

1955 – Birth of writer, producer, comedian, actor, and director, Brendan O’Carroll in Finglas, Co Dublin. Best known for portraying foul-mouthed matriarch Agnes Brown in the BBC television sitcom, Mrs. Brown’s Boys.

1970 – Another landmark in the violence was reached when the one hundredth explosion in 1970 occurred. Officers of the RUC voted narrowly in favour of remaining unarmed. The policy was overtaken by events and eventually all officers were rearmed.

1976 – Anne Letitia Dickson is elected leader of the Unionist Party of Northern Ireland, becoming the first woman to lead a political party in Ireland.

1978 – Muhammad Ali defeated Leon Spinks in the Louisiana Superdome, New Orleans to win the world title for a record third time. Ali twice fought and defeated “Irish” Jerry Quarry in the early 70’s. Ali passed away on 3 June 2016 from septic shock. The great fighter had Irish origins and visited Ennis, Co Clare – his ancestral home – in 2009 as you can see in this YouTube clip: https://youtu.be/zRwiSqNwD2A

1987 – The Northern Ireland Office (NIO) issued guidelines on fair employment Religious Equality of Opportunity in Employment: An Employers’ Guide to Fair Employment. Many commentators saw this initiative as a response to growing pressure from supporters of the MacBride Principles in the United States.

1997 – Sinn Féin joins multiparty peace talks in Northern Ireland.

1999 – The Corrs, the Cranberries and the Chieftains take the lion’s share of £15.6 million collected by the Irish Music Rights Organisation (IMRO) on behalf of Irish song writers.

1999 – Research showed that the forensic testing for use of firearms was flawed. The ‘paraffin’ test had been used to find traces of lead particles, for example on the hands or clothing of people suspected of firing weapons. However, research that had been commissioned by the Bloody Sunday Inquiry found that such testing was ‘flawed’ because, for example, exposure to car exhaust could show a ‘positive’ result.

2000 – Sonia O’Sullivan leads the Irish team at a spectacular Olympic opening ceremony in Sydney, Australia.

2001 – Aer Lingus, Delta and Continental Airlines resume services to and from Ireland. The first trans-Atlantic flights to the US leave for New York, Newark, Chicago and Washington. Priority status is given to all relatives of the victims and injured in the 9/11 attack on the World Trade Center.

2013 – Death of Tomás Ó Canainn. Born in Co Derry, he was a Uilleann piper, accordion player, singer, composer, researcher, writer and lecturer in both electrical engineering (principally control engineering) and music. He was a founder of the group Na Fili with fiddler Matt Cranitch and whistle player Tom Barry in the late 1960s and 1970s. He took over the Irish music lectures from Seán Ó Riada at the College after his death in 1971 and taught music at the Cork School of music. Ó Canainn’s daughters also play, violin, viola and cello and all 3 three appear with him on his last solo release. Tomás died in The Mercy Hospital in Cork City, aged 82. los_50_lugares_mas_hermosos_de_irlanda_52140935_678x1000

 

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Does life have a purpose? 

Every person wonders what purpose life has. Will it be hard work to improve our living conditions, provide what is necessary to our families, die at 70 or 80 years and then cease to exist forever?Many people, both in Eastern and Western countries, believe that the main reason for our existence is to acquire material wealth. They believe that with these you can live a happy and purposeful life. But what about people who already have material wealth? Canadian writer Harry Bruce said: “A surprising number of wealthy people insists that they are not happy.” He added: “Surveys indicate that North America has been infected with tremendous pessimism […]. Is anyone happy in this world? If there is, what is his secret? “One important political figure said, “We have discovered that possessing things and consuming things does not satisfy our longing for meaning. […] The accumulation of material goods can not fill the void of lives that lack confidence or purpose. Another political leader said: “For several years I have been engaged in an intense search for truths about myself and my life; I know many other people who are doing the same thing. As never before, people are asking themselves, ‘Who are we? For what purpose are we here?’ “Many doubt that life has purpose when they see that the conditions in which the world is: wars, pollution, hunger and disease, economic crisis and energy … have worsened.Elie Wiesel, who survived the Nazi concentration camps during World War II, said: “‘Why are we here?’ Is the most important question a human being must face. […] I think life has meaning despite the senseless deaths I’ve seen. ” However, I could not tell what the purpose of life was.Evolutionary scientist Stephen Jay Gould noted, “We may crave a ‘higher’ response, but there is none.” For evolutionists like him, life is a struggle in which the fittest survives, and death puts an end to everything. This view also offers no hope. And, again, is it based on the truth?Many religious guides say that the purpose of life is to lead a good life so that, when dying, the soul of the person can go to heaven and spend eternity there. What awaits evil people is eternal torment in a hell of fire. However, according to this belief, on Earth people would continue to lead the same unsatisfactory existence they have had throughout history. But if God’s purpose was for people to live in heaven like angels, why did He not create them in the beginning?Striving to find meaning in one’s life is the chief moving force within man. There is nothing in the world that would so effectively help one to survive even the worst conditions as the knowledge that one’s life has meaning.

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